Textile Materials And Applications In The Garment Industry

The utilization of textile material is crucial to the garment industry, one of the biggest and most active sectors in the world. In this article, Dugarco will discuss the various types of textile yarn as well as their applications.

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1. What is textile material?

The textile material is material made up of fibres or yarns, which are interlaced or knitted together to form a fabric. Natural fibres like cotton, wool, silk, and linen as well as synthetic materials like polyester, nylon, and rayon can all be used to create textiles.

textile material
What is textile material?

Textiles have been used for clothing, household items, and a variety of other things throughout history. Spinning, weaving, knitting, and dyeing are just a few of the numerous steps involved in producing textiles, which also call for specific knowledge and tools. Textiles have a vital role in many aspects of our everyday life, including fashion, home furnishings and many more.

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2. How to sort textile yarn?

Sorting textile yarn is a crucial stage in the production process to guarantee that the yarn is of excellent quality and appropriate for its intended use. Three ways can be used to classify textile yarn, including by structure, utility and production of the textiles.

  • Structure: Textile fibres can be divided into 14 separate groups based on the textiles’ structure, including composition, method of manufacture, texture, appearance, and main application.
textile material
We can sort textile yarn based on the utility
  • Utility: The second classification method is by the utility of textile fabric. We can divide it into clothing textiles, decorative textiles, and industrial textiles.
  • Production of textiles: Textiles can also be classified based on how they are produced. It can be divided into line, belt, chenille, woven fabric, textile cloth, and more.


3. The most popular types of textile fibers today

There are many different types of textile material available, each with its own unique characteristics and properties. We will explore some of the most popular types of textile fibres in use today, examining them based on yarn count, fibre texture, and specific use.

3.1. Based on yarn count

When assessing a textile fibre’s characteristics, yarn count is a crucial consideration. When classifying based on yarn count, we can divide textile fibre into 3 types:

  • Single yarns: Individual fibre strands are spun together to form a continuous length of yarn to make single yarns. Single yarns are frequently used in the textile industry for processes like weaving, knitting, and embroidery and are a crucial part of the creation of a broad variety of textiles and apparel.
textile material
Single yarns
  • Ply yarns: Ply yarns are produced by twisting two or more single yarns together, thus can make stronger and more lasting fibres. Ply yarns are frequently used for thicker textiles like upholstery and denim.
  • Cord yarns: Multiple-ply yarns are twisted together to create cord yarns, which can even be stronger and more resilient. Cord yarns are frequently utilized in fields like ropes and commercial textiles that call for strong strength and endurance.

3.2. Based on fiber texture

With the increasing demand for use, more and more types of textile material are born with advanced features in both quality and aesthetics. Textiles with different textures will give different perceptions of quality. The following are fabric classifications based on fibre texture, including stretch yarns and metallic yarns:

  • Stretch yarns: Stretch yarns have the capacity to stretch and recover their shape because they are manufactured from a combination of fibres that includes elastane or spandex. These yarns are frequently used in athletics, activewear, and other clothing types that call for a tight fit and freedom of movement.
textile fabric
Stretch yarns
  • Metallic yarns: Metallic yarns have a glossy, reflected appearance because they are manufactured with a metallic coating or a combination of metallic fibres. These yarns are frequently used in textiles for fashion and decoration, including evening dresses, accessories, and items for home decoration.

3.3. Based on specific use

In addition to yarn count and fibre texture, the classification of textile fabric can also depend on their specific use, including fabric construction yarns and yarns used in handwork.

  • Fabric construction yarns: Fabric construction yarns can be utilized in a range of textile materials, including cotton, wool, silk, and synthetic fibres, and are primarily used for knitting and weaving. These yarns are perfect for creating woven or knitted fabrics with a range of textures and patterns since they are frequently defined by their strength, durability, and capacity to keep their shape.
textile vs fabric
Fabric construction yarns
  • Yarns used in handwork: Yarns used in handwork, such as crochet or embroidery, are frequently finer and more delicate than fabric construction yarns. These yarns are renowned for their softness, gloss, and capacity to produce elaborate designs.

4. Compare the difference between textile and fabric

Although “textile” and “fabric” are frequently used synonymously, there is little distinction between the two. The difference between textile and fabric comes from their production and usage. Textiles can be used by themselves as unfinished products or in combination with other materials to produce something new. Meanwhile, the fabric is mainly an “ingredient” mixed with other textile materials, creating the finished product. Despite the fact that all fabrics are textiles, not all textiles are definitely fabrics.

textile vs fabric
The difference between textile and fabric


5. Applications of textile materials

The textile material is used in various items in many different sectors, including fashion and apparel, home goods as well as medical equipment. Textiles are also used to make apparel, accessories, and footwear in the fashion business. Additionally, textiles such as medical textiles and healthcare textiles are employed in the medical industry. To be effective in the field, medical textiles must possess a number of specialized characteristics, including biocompatibility, strong resistance to alkalis, absorption, and repellence, among others.

textile fabric
Applications of textile materials

Furthermore, the textile fabric is utilized in home furnishings, such as curtains, carpets, and upholstery. Bed linens made of textiles, such as sheets, pillows, and comforters, are also widely used. These materials may be created to be hypoallergenic or antibacterial, in addition to offering comfort and style, which helps to enhance the general health and hygiene of the home.

The following article has provided you with more information about the various types of textile materials as well as their applications. Contact Dugarco for full assistance if you have any queries or would like to learn more about this topic.

Contact information:

  • Address: 59 Duc Giang, Duc Giang, Long Bien, HN
  • Phone: 024 3655 7930
  • Email: dugarco@mayducgiang.com.vn
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