Difference Between Textile And Fabric You May Not Know

We use textiles and fabrics depending on use and seasonal production, such as wool in winter and cotton in summer. However, there is another term for fabrics and textiles that many people confuse. Let’s learn the difference between textile and fabric with Dugarco in this article.

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1. What is textile fiber?

In the fashion industry, you will work and hear more about the term “textiles” almost constantly. But when in production, people often talk about fabrics. So are textiles and fabrics the same? Or is there a difference? 

Textiles have many uses in the fashion industry in particular and are an important part of a number of other fields. To understand the difference between textile and fabric, it is important to understand the definitions of these terms. Let’s distinguish the two types with Dugarco.

difference between textile and fabric
Colorful textile products

Yarn, thread, natural silk, rayon, chemical fiber, short-hair silk, elastic silk, and metal wire are all examples of textile fiber products. Textiles are made by weaving, knitting, or manipulating various materials. These can be used to make apparel, accessories, gloves, hats, and blankets, as well as any form of plastic, industrial, natural fur, agricultural, or medical fabric. This means that textiles include any woven or knitted material for any use outside of the world of fashion.

  • Classifying Textile Fibers:

Structure, usefulness, and textile manufacturing are the three ways of classifying textile fibers. Textile fibers are first classified according to their structure, materials, processing method, texture, appearance, and primary purpose, which can be further separated into 14 different groups. The usage of textiles is the second technique of classification, which is split into apparel textiles, ornamental textiles, and industrial textiles.

difference between textile and fabric
The diversity of textile fiber

Finally, textiles are divided into line, belt, chenille, woven fabric, textile cloth, and other categories based on their manufacture. These numerous procedures aid in the identification of the precise fibers required for a particular product.

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2. What is fabric?

Fabrics are items created through various procedures such as weaving, knitting, crocheting, and so on. Although most fabrics are knitted or woven, there is also a type of fabric known as non-woven fabric. Braiding, felting, and twisting are all methods for creating nonwoven materials. Fabric, on the other hand, refers to the textile used to make clothes all over the world. It is the difference between textile and fabric that is most recognizable to distinguish them.

difference between textile and fabric
There are hundreds of different types of fabric

3. What is the difference between textile and fabric?



It can be manufactured from fiber, yarn, cloth, or a mix of these materials. It can be made up of yarn or nonwoven yarn (by weaving or knitting). Often used in everyday wear such as shirts, pants,…
It is a broad word used to create products in the entire garment sector such as sheets, blankets, pillows, and clothes. Fabric is a specific type of textile that has obvious uses in clothing. In other textiles, the fabric may not be used in production.
The Latin word taxes literally means “woven cloth.” It’s a type of fabric used to make dresses.
It might be a completed or incomplete item. It serves no use. It’s a completed product. It has a specialized application, such as shirting cloth.
Fabrics are not all textiles. All fabrics are textiles.

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4. Why is the difference between textiles and fabrics important?

  • A better understanding of textiles and fabrics will help you categorize clothes and understand how they are made. Communication between clothing factories is more effective if we understand textile terminology to achieve more win-win agreements.
  • When designing clothes or buying clothes, designers, and customers pay attention to the fabric and the properties they need.
  • Choosing the right fabrics and fabrics for your own clothing business is a competitive advantage you need to consider. Knowing the difference between textiles and fabrics will make it easier for you to find the right and best quality textile or fabric for you.

5. Applications of textile

To know the development of textiles, one must first comprehend their applications. Textile has numerous applications in everyday life.

  • Fiber, yarn, texture, or a combination can all be used to make it.
  • Textile is one of the broadest phrases used to describe the entire garment business.
  • It could be a completed or incomplete project. 
  •  Fabric does not include all textiles.
difference between textile and fabric
Textile has many applications

Moreover, Geotextiles, a permeable fabric that separates, filters, strengthens, protects, or drains soil, is an example of specialist textile use. Geotextiles are frequently used to enhance the soil around constructions, roadways, and pipelines. Open-mesh, warp-knitted, and non-woven textiles are among the materials used in these textiles. Medical dressings and bandages are another kinds of medical textiles, sometimes known as healthcare textiles. This is the difference between textile and fabric in terms of materials and properties used in life.

6. Applications of fabric

Different fabrics are used differently. They are specially made to fulfill certain purposes. The following are some popular applications of fabric

  • It’s usually made of fibers (non-woven) or yarn (by weaving or sewing).
  • Clothing is referred to as fabric in general.
  • It’s a final product with a specific purpose. For instance, shirting cloth.
  • All textiles are fabrics.
difference between fabric and fibre
Applications of fabric

Choosing the right sort of cloth to use for a project is crucial. Here’s a look at different fabric kinds and how to recognize them.

  • Canvas

It is a plain-weave fabric made primarily of strong cotton and, to a lesser extent, linen yarn. Canvas cloth is regarded as being strong, resilient, and long-lasting. Canvas can be made weather resistant or even waterproof by combining cotton and synthetic fibers, making it an excellent outdoor cloth.

difference between textiles and fabrics
Canvas fabric
  • Muslin

It is a cotton fabric with a loose weave. It’s constructed with the plain weave technique, which involves alternating a single weft yarn over and under a single warp yarn. Muslin is a fabric commonly used in fashion prototypes to test patterns before cutting and sewing the finished product. Muslin is good for pattern testing since it is lightweight and gauzy, mimicking drape and fit nicely, and is easy to work with.

  • Lace

Lace is a delicate fabric woven from yarn or thread with open-weave motifs and patterns manufactured using a number of techniques. Originally constructed of silk and linen, the lace fabric is now comprised of cotton thread and synthetic fibers. Lace is a decorative fabric that is used to add detail to garments and home design. Lace has always been regarded as a high-end textile due to the time and skill required to create it.

  • Chenille

It refers to both the yarn and the cloth used to create the soft textile. When making the yarn, the threads are purposely heaped to imitate the caterpillar’s fuzzy coat. Chenille is a woven fabric composed of a range of fibers such as cotton, silk, wool, and rayon.

textile and fabric
Chenille textile fabric
  • Jersey

Jersey is a knit fabric with a smooth elasticity that was originally made of wool. Cotton, cotton mixes, and synthetic fibers are being used to make jerseys. The right side of the jersey knit fabric has a smooth surface with a single rib knit, while the backside is heaped with loops. The fabric is typically light to medium weight and is used for a wide range of clothes and household items, such as sweatshirts and bedsheets.

difference between textile and fabric
Jersey fabric
  • Cashmere

It is a natural material that is noted for being incredibly soft and insulating. The strands are very thin and fragile, resembling silk in appearance. Cashmere is warmer and lighter than wool from sheep. Because cashmere fibers are so tiny and delicate, they are frequently blended with other types of wool, such as merino, to give them more weight.

These fabrics are more commonly used in the fashion industry than in apparel. The difference between textile and fabric can be clearly identified in each manufactured product if you pay attention to all of these.

7. Fabric and textile trade shows 2023

Attending fabric trade exhibitions gives fashion designers not only an extended chance to browse the market but also helps them to expand their range of possibilities and create relationships with other industry specialists. The top fabric and textile trade shows 2021 throughout the world are listed here.

  • DG Expo

The DG Expo fabric and trimmings trade event is held in various major US cities, including New York, Chicago, Miami, and Dallas. Fashion designers may buy anything from zippers and buttons to leathers and eco-fabrics at the two-day show… You can place orders with DG’s merchants right then and there because they are wholesale providers.

textile fabric difference
The DG Expo fabric
  • The London Textile Fair

Attending The London Textile Fair, which takes place in one of the world’s fashion capitals, is a fantastic opportunity for fashion designers and entrepreneurs to browse the market, get inspired, and network with some of the industry’s biggest names. This is the largest fashion fabric event in the UK, and it is not to be missed.

  • Future Fabrics Expo

The Future Fabrics Expo is the place to be if you’re interested in creating and producing sustainable and ethical apparel. The expo not only offers sellers of sustainable textiles and materials but also hosts a variety of events, including keynote speakers who weigh in on environmental sustainability in fashion.

  • Texworld the USA

Texworld USA is the largest sourcing show for designers, fabric buyers, and merchandisers in North America, with products spanning the full fabric spectrum.

The above article is all about the difference between textile and fabric. Hopefully the above article by Dugarco, you can make an informed purchase decision without making a mistake with your ingredients.

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  • Phone: 024 3655 7930
  • Email: dugarco@mayducgiang.com.vn
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