20 Types Of Materials Used In Clothes And Their Characteristics

Today, materials used in clothes do not have only one type, but it has many different types depending on the needs and preferences of customers. How to distinguish each material of the clothes that we are using? What are the origins and uses of these materials? Let’s find out with Dugarco the information below.

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1. Why care about clothing materials?

Today’s clothes are made of many different clothing materials. Each style will use different materials to create its own style for its outfit. Different fabrics will have different uses over time. For example, wool is used in winter and summer, and linen or cotton is often used. In addition, choosing the right material will also help us keep up with current fashion trends. Good and new material will make you feel more comfortable, beautiful and fashionable.
What materials are clothes made of and what materials are popularly used today? Are they durable and good when we put them on?

materials used in clothes
Materials used in clothes

2. The types of material to make clothes

What best fabric for making clothes made from? Most clothing is made from a variety of fossil fuel-based crude oil-based materials and chemicals. Nowadays, there are 9 types of materials commonly used by many people.materials used for making cloth bags.

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fabrics used in industry and clothes making
There are many types of materials used for the production of clothing
  • Synthetic materials: Fabrics used in industry and clothing often use synthetic materials – mainly polyester. It is predicted that in the coming years, the synthetic market will increase and account for about 70% of manufacturing use in all materials used to make clothes.
synthetic maerials
Fabrics used in industry and clothing often use synthetic materials – mainly polyester
  • Cotton is a material with the longest history in all types of fabric, currently, cotton for clothing production accounts for about 24% of the world’s total yarn, the trend is decreasing because it is replaced by other materials synthesize better and faster.
  • Cellulosic fibers (or viscose fibers) is made from natural materials, after being ground into powder and manufactured under strict, modern processes, creating cellulose fabrics. Currently, Visco accounts for 7% of total yarn production in the world. It is expected to continue to grow and is estimated to reach 8.5% in 2025.
materials used in clothes
Cellulosic fibers (or viscose fibers) is made from natural materials
  • Silk: is the oldest and most popular fabric, this type is often produced by the domesticated silkworm Bombyx Mori.

materials used in clothes

  • Wool: is a traditional fiber, often popular in cold climates, tropical climates often rarely use wool as a material for clothing.
  • Leather: this is also a very important fabric for making clothes or shoes, accessories
  • Bast yarn: used to make linen. It is used to make clothes suitable for hot weather.
  • Test fabric: this is a very special fabric made from materials such as mushrooms, pineapple, …
  • Notions and hardware: made from wood, metal, and plastic to create items such as zip locks, and clasps,…

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3. Distinguish the types of materials used in clothes

So how is the fabric made? Fabric is made by wrapping silk threads together. Clothing fibers are also divided into several different categories: the fibers used (natural and synthetic) and the production processes (woven and knitted).

3.1 Natural and synthetic fibers

What is the difference between these two fabrics? Natural fibers are made from plants or animals, for example, silk comes from silkworms, and flowers come from plants. In contrast, synthetic fibers are made from man-made materials.

materials used for doing tie and dye in clothes
Natural and synthetic fibers

3.2 Woven and knitted

Woven is made from two pieces of yarn interwoven lengthwise and horizontally of the loom. It is softer than knitted fabric. Weaving fabrics include 3 types: plain weave, satin weave, and twill weave, for example, chiffon, crepe, silk, and satin,…

raw materials used in garment industry
Woven and knitted

Knitted fabric is hand-made from a needle and thread that is woven together and knitted over and over to form a knitted fabric. It also has the effect of stretching and not losing shape. Knitted fabrics come in two types: warp-knitted and weft-knitted, for example, wool or mesh.

4. Synthetic materials

Since when did synthetic fibers exist? Synthetic fibers were first produced and distributed in 1910. Because of their favorable properties, synthetic fibers replaced silk. Synthetic fabrics are more durable and comfortable. In addition, it also helps us save costs.

4.1 Nylon/Polyamide

Nylon was the first fabric created after World War II. This type is known for its high flexibility and excellent resilience. Besides, Nylon has good strength and wear resistance, resilience, and elasticity. Raw materials used in the garment industry is a fabric commonly used to make clothes.

materials used in clothes
Nylon materials

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4.2 Polyester

Polyester is a material used in clothes derived from petroleum and is widely used in the fashion industry. Polyester has many special properties such as: being resistant to wrinkles and abrasion, not affected by chemicals, being very durable, and being light. Polyester is used to sew clothes, shoes, bedding, furniture, and bags.

materials used in clothes production
Polyester fabric

4.3 Acrylic

Acrylic is a material used in clothes produced in the form of microfibers, which are cut into short metal threads like wool. If you are allergic to wool, use Acrylic wool. Acrylic is very light, soft, and warm. It is often used to make sweaters and coats to keep you warm in winter.

4.4 Elastane

The material used in clothes is extremely stretchy to help keep the garment’s shape, making it perfect for body-contouring suits. However, Elastane has a high potential for contamination, and its quality degrades over time. It is suitable for sewing swimwear or other styling clothes for women.

materials used in clothes production
Elastane fabric

4.5 Fleece

Fleece is a fabric made from a type of polyester – polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or other synthetic fibers. Fleece is a natural fiber made from sheep’s wool. The strength of this material is that it is very suitable for making winter clothes. In addition, it also has good elasticity and resilience, against harmful external agents. Warm clothes or blankets are often made from this material.

4.6 PVC

PVC is a product that is used by many people. Materials used in making garments use is to withstand cold weather, so people often use it to sew winter clothes such as coats. However, PVC is also very dangerous because it is completely dependent on fossil fuels and uses a lot of energy to react with chemicals. In my opinion, we should not use a lot of clothes made from this material.

materials used in clothes
PVC fabric

5. Materials used in clothes from plants

The material used in clothes made from plants is very good for us because it does not have mixed chemicals or bad things. Usually garment manufacturing in Vietnam will use the following clothing materials:

5.1 Cotton

Cotton is a very common natural fiber and is often used a lot for jeans or t-shirts. It is an extremely hydrophilic material and requires a huge amount of water for plants to grow. It’s super soft, comfortable and dry. But if you wash it and use it for a long time, it will shrink. When planted, the tree has a great need for pesticides, it will lose quality if recycled.

materials used in clothes
Cotton fabric

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5.2 Bamboo

Bamboo is a tree chosen by many people because of its environmental friendliness. In contrast to cotton, bamboo is easy to grow, requires little water, and does not require the use of pesticides. When planting, we just need to make sure the tree is grown sustainably and avoids harmful chemicals. Bamboo fabric is a good choice for everyone because of its environmental friendliness and health protection for everyone.

 materials used in clothes
Bamboo fabric

5.3 Linen

Linen is made from the flax plant, which is a fairly hard fabric and very easily decomposed. The flax plant grows in cold climates and it also doesn’t need to use a lot of water and pesticides. Linen can withstand high temperatures, is extremely breathable, durable and cooler than cotton. Linen is the most commonly used commodity on the market because of its coolness and safety.

 materials used in clothes
Linen fabric

5.4 Hemp

Hemp is obtained from the Sativa cannabis plant and it is also a very eco-friendly fiber. The plant is also pesticide-free and it also helps prevent soil erosion. This fabric has a lot of advantages such as UV protection, breathability, very soft and it creates clothes that keep warm in winter or cool in summer.

5.5 Denim

Denim is derived from cotton known to be the driest crop in the world. This crop requires very little water but takes up a lot of pesticides, which can be toxic to the environment. It is not recommended that people buy things made from denim.

5.6 Viscose/Rayon

Viscose/rayon are both derived from ‘cellulose’ or wood pulp from regenerated trees. Although this is a plant-based material, it has a big problem. Rayon is very popular, second only to polyester and cotton, which is also one of the causes of deforestation because a lot of wood pulp is used for production. However, you do not need to worry as logging is allowed and under control.

5.7 Modal

Modal is also known as semi-synthetic Rayon yarn. Modal is very breathable and soft, absorbing more water than cotton. It does not fade easily in washing and is often used to make activewear and underwear. As long as you buy at branded places and ensure safety for consumers, you don’t need to worry about being counterfeited.

 materials used in clothes
Modal fabric

5.8 Tencel lyocell

Tencel lyocell is a cellulose fiber made by dissolving wood pulp. Suitable for making active clothes. You can use it in place of cotton or silk. This fabric is very soft and breathable. It may order more than other fabrics but its quality will be better.

6. Materials of animal origin

What are the materials used to make clothes? There are also materials of animal origin. This material comes to some animals such as crocodile skin, and silkworms,… what materials are used for clothes? Let’s go to the next part.

6.1 Cashmere

Cashmere is yarn made from goats in Asia (cashmere goat and pashmina goat). Cashmere is a natural fiber with a delightfully soft feel and excellent insulation. It is also the rarest fiber in the world. Cashmere has a soft material and is usually quite expensive but not very durable.

 materials used in clothes
Cashmere fabric

6.2 Silk

Silk is created from the cocoons of silkworms. Mulberry silk is the most common type of silk. Silk is very soft, comfortable, and flexible, it is also very durable and strong. This material used in clothes is very expensive but extremely good, it is often used to make evening gowns, and accessories,…

6.3 Leather

Leather made from animal skins is a marketed staple. Leathers vary according to different types of animals, in which cowhide is the predominant type of leather. Its fabric is very durable, does not wrinkle and comes in a variety of designs.

 materials used in clothes

6.4 Wool

Wool is made from sheep’s wool. Materials used in clothes helps us keep our bodies warm, dust-proof, and breathable. It will also shrink with prolonged use and may itch. So keep it very carefully and often.

6.5 Fur

Fur is made from fur of animals and other materials. The material is different depending on the animal. However, if we want to have feathers to make clothes, we must hunt or raise them for fur. Animals like sheep can be raised, but animals like leopards and crocodiles are forced to hunt. For that reason, fur is a rather expensive material, but it is also extremely durable and good.

 materials used in clothes
Fur fabric

6.6 Angora

Angora is a fiber derived from the Angora rabbit breed with an extremely soft, warm coat. In addition to rabbit fur, it also adds other materials to make it smoother. But getting it from rabbits made them painful, so the fiber was discontinued.

7. Materials used in the manufacture of clothing

Raw materials used in the garment industry such as cotton, rubber, oil. They are transformed before being used in the manufacturing process. Therefore it is also known as TRM. We have some of the raw materials as:

  • Yarns
  • Cloth
  • Dye
  • Fiber
  • Chemicals and auxiliaries
 materials used in clothes
Raw materials used in clothes

Materials used in clothes have many types materials as well as different origins and uses for each type. Based on that, you can distinguish whether this fabric is suitable for you or not. This can save you time and money if you buy the wrong clothes. If you already know which type to buy, go to Dugarco Corporation to choose the right clothes for you.


  • Address: 59 Duc Giang street, Duc Giang ward, Long Bien district, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Phone: 024 3655 7930
  • Email: dugarco@mayducgiang.com.vn
  • Website: https://dugarco.com/en/


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