History and traditional costumes in Vietnamese clothing culture

Compared to other countries, Vietnam is considered the nation with the most traditional costumes in the world. Besides everyday clothes, there are also many other Vietnamese clothing cultures and accessories such as Ao Dai, Non La, Ao Ba Ba, Ao Dai Tu Than, and a variety of traditional costumes of ethnic minorities. others.

1. Vietnamese costumes through historical periods

Times change, and the way of dressing and fashion also increasingly change to adapt to the environment and the development of society. The dress culture of the Kinh people is different from the dress culture of other ethnic groups, the Vietnamese clothing culture people in feudal times is different from that of modern times, and the costumes of the North are different from those of the people of the region. South or Central. Let’s explore these traditional costumes.

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1.1 Vietnamese costumes through feudal periods

In feudal Vietnam, Vietnamese clothing culture reflects the status of the wearer. Therefore, feudal society had strict regulations on dress. Vietnamese peasants in this period was simple and cheap clothes, while the aristocracy wore expensive, royal clothes called Ao Giao Linh.

vietnamese clothing culture
Ao Giao Linh – A costume of the feudal mandarin class

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1.2 Unique and typical dress culture of Vietnamese ethnic groups

Vietnam has 54 ethnic groups, each of which has its own unique and characteristic costume styles. Unlike the colorful costumes of the ethnic minorities in the highlands, the traditional costumes of the people of the plain are extremely simple. However, each region of the North, Central, and South have different styles of dress. All of them create diversity in Vietnamese clothing culture.

vietnamese clothing culture
Vietnamese clothing culture of Thai people

1.3 The style of dress culture in the North

In northern Vietnam, farmers prefer to wear loose tops and pants rolled up above the knees to avoid getting wet from water and mud from rice fields. As a result, they have a limited selection of similarly plain and simple clothing for every day as well as restrictions on the colors they are allowed to use.

The traditional costume of Vietnamese people in the past

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1.4 The culture of wearing traditional cultural costumes in the South

Different from all other regions, women in the south wear a typical Vietnamese clothing culture called Ao Ba Ba. The costume consists of a tunic with one piece in the back and two pieces in the front, with straps running from the neck down to the waist. This outfit is usually worn with loose black or white trousers, reaching to the ankles.

Traditional costume in the South

1.5 Vietnamese traditional Ao Dai costume

For most Vietnamese, Ao Dai is a Vietnamese cultural heritage and the pride of Vietnamese people. Ao Dai has existed for a long time since ancient times and is popularly used to this day. For men, Ao Dai is a type of Ao Dai made from silk, with a traditionally broken collar at the neck, buttoned on the left side to tie the shirt. Usually, It is slit on both sides to the waist. Men’s long shirt is below the knee, worn with loose pants underneath.

vietnamese clothing culture
Ao dai is an icon of Vietnamese clothing culture and the beauty of Vietnamese people

2 Popular costumes featured in Vietnamese dress culture

Over time, Vietnamese clothing culture has been increasingly modified and more and more new costumes have appeared, associated with Vietnamese customs and lifestyles. For instance, Ao Ba Ba, Ao Tu Than, traditional men’s clothing, and other ethnic minorities.

2.1 Traditional cultural costumes for men

Regarding the Vietnamese Ao Dai, people often only think of the graceful and gentle image of a graceful Vietnamese woman in a traditional Ao Dai, but few people remember that it is also a typical traditional costume of Vietnamese men. Vietnamese men’s Ao Dai is extremely minimalist. Attached to the men’s ao dai is a head scarf showing the neatness of Vietnamese men. Experiencing many historical events, men’s Ao dai seems to have been lost.

vietnamese clothing culture
Ao dai combined with a scarf is a traditional beauty of men in ancient times.

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2.2 Ao Dai – Traditional costume of Vietnamese women

Referring to a Vietnamese girl is referring to ao dai. The image of a charming Vietnamese girl in ao dai is super-heartwarming to the hearts of people in domestic and foreign areas. Today, Ao Dai also participates in important events for Vietnamese people such as weddings, opening days, graduation ceremonies, and even in beauty contests…

vietnamese clothing culture
Ao Dai is the symbol of Vietnamese people

2.3 Non La (Nón Lá) – Popular hats of Vietnamese farmers

To honor the beauty of Ao Dai, Non-La ( Nón Lá) is an indispensable accessory. This is considered an important accessory to contribute to the beauty of Vietnamese people and be an icon of Vietnamese clothing culture. Non-La is made from palm leaves and is used to cover the sun, and rain, make a fan when hot, or create a highlight for the elegant Ao Dai.

vietnamese clothing culture
Non la is a typical accessory in Vietnamese clothing culture

2.4 Ao Ba Ba – the cultural costume of the people of South Vietnam

Ao Ba Ba is one of the famous and popular Vietnamese clothing cultures in the southern region. A set of Ao Ba Ba includes a pair of silk pants and a buttoned long-sleeved silk shirt. The shirt will be a bit long and slit at the waist to form two flaps with two typical pockets. This type of outfit shows simplicity and versatility because it can both be worn to work and can be worn to important parties.

vietnamese clothing culture
Ao Ba Ba is a traditional Vietnamese clothing culture in southern Vietnam

2.5 Tu Than Ao Dai – Traditional costume of the people of the North

This is a women’s costume of north Vietnamese clothing culture before the 20th century. The length of the shirt is about 20 cm from the neck to below the knee. The shirt has two flaps front and back. The front flap has two separate flaps in length. The back flap is also split in two but sewn together to form a long line called the hem.

vietnamese clothing culture
Tu Than Ao Dai is a traditional Vietnamese clothing culture of the people of the North in the past

2.6 Traditional costume of the Hmong people

The Vietnamese clothing culture of the Hmong people in Vietnam is unlike any other ethnic group. The typical Hmong costume is made of linen and consists of a black or blue shirt, colorful layered skirts, brightly colored leggings, and colorful headscarves. Costumes are often decorated with beads and jewelry, to add some personality to the outfit.

vietnamese clothing culture
Traditional costume of the Hmong people

2.7 Traditional Costumes of the Ede

Ede is a community of 54 ethnic groups of Vietnamese people. In addition to myths, epics, epics as well as famous musical instruments, the traditional costume of the Ede ethnic group is also one of the outstanding features of the people here. Traditionally, the costumes of the Ede ethnic people are usually black or indigo, which are decorated with colorful patterns. Most women wear skirts and skirts, while men wear loincloths and shirts.

vietnamese clothing culture
Costume of the Ede People

The mentioned above is all information about Vietnamese clothing culture through periods, in different regions and different ethnic groups. Today, some traditional costumes have disappeared, replaced by more sophisticated, modern ones. However, traditional costumes persist and efforts are increasingly being made to restore traditional festivals and entertainment that incorporate traditional costumes. 

If you are interested in Vietnamese ethnic cultural costumes, you can find a tailor at the garment manufacturing in Vietnam brand Dugarco – proud to be one of the leading tailors, always focusing on cultural products culture and the national identity of Vietnam to the world.

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